Price – hike in Bangladesh
Price- hike means the unusual increase in the prices of daily necessaries. Nowadays, it is a common phenomenon in Bangladesh. The problem is getting worse day by day. The prices of all commodities have gone beyond the reach of the mass people over the whole country. There are a number of causes of price-hike in Bangladesh. Market syndicate is mostly responsible for the price-hike in Bangladesh. Besides, some dishonest people store essential commodities with a view to making a huge profit. This causes a sharp decrease in the supply in the markets and as a result, prices are increased. One of the factors which cause price-hike is less agricultural production due to natural disasters. For example, as a result of two consequent floods and a devastating cyclone, Bangladesh is undergoing a severe food crisis. Other causes may be mentioned as lack of raw materials, want of speedy communication, political instabilities, the increase of prices in the international market, money inflation in nation level etc. Price-hike has created a deplorable condition in our society. Lives of the general public have been posed to a great threat. Prices of essential commodities have gone beyond the capacity of the poor and the fixed income people. They are now helpless in the question of survival. More or less, almost people of all suffering from the problem of price-hike. Price-hike is a problem which cannot be solved overnight. The Government should take both immediate and long-term drastic steps to reduce price-hike. Any syndicate activities are to be suppressed boldly and inflation of money should be controlled. The Government should also emphasize on the increased production by applying scientific agricultural methods. Agricultural sector should be given priority in the annual budget. At the same time, public awareness should also be raised against price-hike. Therefore, we need to take all out efforts to come out of this serious crisis.
Natural calamities Disasters in Bangladesh
A natural calamity is a natural event which has an adverse socio-economic impact on the whole environment. In recent years, they have become more frequent because of the climate change over the world. That is why they are now being addressed as a global problem.
Bangladesh is very prone to natural disasters. Every year some common natural disasters like floods, cyclone, tidal-bores, excessive rainfall, earthquake, riverbank erosion, drought etc. visit Bangladesh. Another furious natural disaster, the greenhouse is creeping towards us. Among this, floods and cyclone are the two main natural calamities in Bangladesh. For instance, in 2007, our country has been affected by the dreadful cyclone SIDR and also by two consequent floods.
A natural disaster is very common in Bangladesh due to her peculiar geography. The funnel-shaped coast helps cyclone which are formed in the Bay of Bengal to land in Bangladesh. Again, heavy rainfall, tidal bores, melting snow of the Himalayas causes floods here. Global warming is another factor in causing natural calamities. Natural calamities cause maximum damage in Bangladesh. This is because of the low flat land, high density, poorly built houses and also lack of drastic plans.
A natural disaster causes heavy losses in our country. Many people are killed and many other become homeless. The havoc also includes the death of cattle, widespread destruction of houses, uprooting of damage trees, damage of crops, roads and structures. Shortly after the disaster, many diseases break out and communication system is suspended causing untold suffering to people.
Being a natural phenomenon, it is not possible to prevent natural disasters. We can talk some protective measures to lessen the suffering of the victims. Both long and short-term plans can be taken. Govt. must take projects for afforestation. In addition, warning and preparatory measures have to be improved. Finally, we should raise awareness in people to properties from the tremendous attack of natural calamities.
Natural calamities cause huge loss to our country every year. However, the effect of those may be mitigated with the combined efforts of both the Govt. and the mass people.
Thanks for all.